Factors Affecting Recidivism of Persons Deprived of Liberty at Tabaco City District Jail





Social Science, Recidivism, Persons Deprived of Liberty, Rehabilitation, Treatment, Tabaco City, Descriptive-quantitative, Philippines


Recidivism is a term used to describe the tendency of a person who has been released from prison or other Detention facilities to re-offend and return to incarceration. The study aimed to identify the factors that affect the recidivism of persons deprived of liberty at Tabaco City District Jail using a descriptive-quantitative research design. The data were collected through a survey questionnaire administered to 100 selected PDL who were detained or had been released and returned to the jail. The study found several factors contributing to recidivism, including lack of employment opportunities, substance abuse problems, lack of education and skills, and poor social support. The findings suggest the need for more comprehensive rehabilitation and reintegration programs that address these underlying factors to reduce the likelihood of repeated offenses and promote successful re-entry into society. These programs should focus on providing educational and vocational training, substance abuse treatment, and social support to help PDL successfully reintegrate into their communities. This is useful for policymakers and practitioners in the criminal justice system to develop and implement more effective interventions to reduce recidivism rates among persons deprived of liberty at Tabaco City District Jail.


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Author Biographies

Desman C. Onsat, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology


Domingo C. Breva Jr., Bicol College

Daraga, Albay, Philippines


Agnew, R. (2020). The contribution of social-psychological strain theory to the explanation of crime and delinquency. In The legacy of anomie theory (pp. 113-137). Routledge.




How to Cite

Onsat, D., & Breva Jr., D. (2023). Factors Affecting Recidivism of Persons Deprived of Liberty at Tabaco City District Jail. JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research, 52(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.7719/jpair.v52i1.623