JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair <p>is an international, scholarly and scientific open access journal, and peer-reviewed research articles. </p> Philippine Association of Institutions for Research, Inc. en-US JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research 2012-3981 U Kapaydiman nu Kaydian a Ivatan: Suicide Cases in the Province of Batanes https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/540 <p style="text-align: justify;">Suicide has received attention in the global public health arena and its effect has a prolonged-lasting psychological trauma on friends and relatives. This prompted the researchers to systematically analyze the possible underreporting of suicide cases, particularly in the province of Batanes. There are no studies of trends in the incidence of suicide that have been undertaken in the province. Thus, it aimed to provide a complete picture of the problem's size and facilitate better-informed decisions concerning prevention priorities such as high-risk age or sex groups and the most common suicide methods. The study used a descriptive research design and inventory questionnaires to gather data from six (6) municipal civil registrars from the different municipalities in the province of Batanes. Based on the results, causes of death are asphyxiation, gunshot, and alcohol intoxication, and the municipality with the highest committed cases is Basco, Batanes. Additionally, males are more inclined to commit suicide than females, and young and middle-aged individuals have more committed self-inflicted cases than older people. It has also been found that suicide cases have risen from 2010 to the present.</p> William Jo Se Billote Ryan Ponce Trixie Elaine Ponce Anthony Alcantara Fay Ann Ballada Trisha Mhay Calma Alyson Dessiree Duya Allysa Mae Gasilao Marcela Salengua John Russell Villegas Copyright (c) 2022 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 47 1 1 14 10.7719/jpair.v47i1.540 Phytochemical Screening, Cytotoxic Activity, and Proximate Analysis of Split Gill Mushroom (Schizophyllum commune) https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/542 <p style="text-align: justify;">Mushrooms play an essential role in the ecosystem and have provided humans with numerous benefits in terms of food and medicinal sources. The study was conducted to determine the phytochemical constituents, cytotoxic activity, and proximate analysis of a widespread mushroom in the region, <em>Schizophyllum&nbsp;commune</em>. Qualitative phytochemical analysis and cytotoxic activity of the ethanolic extract were conducted using the test tube method and brine shrimp lethality assay (BSLA). Proximate analysis was carried out using the standards the Association of Analytical Chemists set. Results revealed the presence of saponin, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, proteins, and carbohydrates. The linear regression analysis showed that the extracts exhibited a highly cytotoxic activity on brine shrimp with an LC<sub>50</sub> value of 55.64 ppm. The cytotoxicity of the extract is mainly attributed to its phytochemical content. Proximate analysis revealed that the sample was composed primarily of moisture with high protein and low-fat content levels. Results support that <em>S. commune </em>is a good protein source and a healthy diet choice. The study may serve for further ethnobotanical, nutritional, and pharmacological studies.</p> Ricky Acanto Van Helen Cuaderes Priscila Gomoto Copyright (c) 2022 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 47 1 15 29 10.7719/jpair.v47i1.542 The Ruthless Wealth of Health: Power Dynamics of Hospital Industry in Sulu Province https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/560 <p style="text-align: justify;">The people in Sulu usually go to hospitals and seek medical treatment when they are already in a severe condition that doctors can no longer cure and help. The qualitative method using focus group discussion and workshop conduct was employed, and the most appropriate sampling design is purposive. Four participants were invited and represented the actors from the regularity agent, supply side, demand side, and alternative substitute. Sixteen participants purposively drew and shared their opinions in the workshop. Findings show that the actors involved in the regulatory framework created by Republic Act of the Philippines and the policies and regulations were all done at the national level; the hospital director, administration, health provider, external suppliers together with the hospital and medical facilities, equipment, buildings, and services comprised the supply side in the hospital industry; the markets of the health services were the entire citizen of Sulu; alternative substitute like the traditional medicines and procedures like hilot were accepted by the Tausug. Lastly, all the interactions displayed by the different actors coming from the regulatory agent, supply side, demand side, and the alternative substitute described the nature and performance of the hospital industry in Sulu. Nonetheless, producing a climate of quality health care service.</p> Jenneth Ballesteros Copyright (c) 2022 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 47 1 30 59 10.7719/jpair.v47i1.560 Implementation of Learning Continuity Plan: A Basis for a Sustainable Development Program https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/570 <p>The Basic Education Learning Continuity Plan (BE-LCP) ensures that students' learning progresses even amidst a pandemic. It is also focused on improving the quality of basic education with enhanced teacher performance and improved mastery of learning competencies on the part of the learners. This research aimed to determine the extent of the implementation of the BE-LCP and the challenges encountered in aligning the four strategic thrusts in the new normal education. Furthermore, the respondents of the study are the sixty (60) teachers of Banlic Elementary School, Division of Calamba City. The researchers used the descriptive method and the researcher-made questionnaire as the main data gathering tool. Weighted mean, Frequency Count, Percentage, Ranking, and one-way ANOVA are the statistical tools used in analyzing the data gathered.<strong>&nbsp;</strong>The results revealed that despite the challenges encountered, most of the respondents represent a high extent of LCP implementation along with the four strategic thrusts. Thus, age, educational background, length of service, and relevant training have a significant relationship in the implementation of advancing hand holding initiatives and amplifying defined technical assistance to target delivery units; consequently, age and length of service have a significant correlation on appraising stakeholders on the progress of interventions. Based on the conclusion drawn from the study, a proposed development program was crafted to enhance the implementation of the BE-LCP.</p> Joyce Rabor Evangeline Barredo Kathreen Merwin Opinio Virgilio Carmona Copyright (c) 2022 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 47 1 60 85 10.7719/jpair.v47i1.570 Animated Instructional Medium in Structural Foundation https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/400 <p style="text-align: justify;">Complicated concepts in designs are difficult to explain in traditional media, such as still slides. Animation seems to provide an advantage in delivering a better rendition of these concepts. This study aimed to develop an Animated Instructional Medium in Structural Foundation, which could be used by Drafting Technology Students of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College, Talisay, Negros Occidental and will serve as a viable instructional material in teaching drafting technology subjects. Specifically, it sought to design and develop an Animated Instructional Medium in Structural Foundation with the following features: animated, interactive, and quality. It also determined the acceptability of the project in terms of animation, user control, interactivity, and images. Moreover, formulate an instructional guide for using the project. Descriptive and developmental methods were used in this study involving one hundred forty respondents comprising architects, civil engineers, drafting instructors, and students for project evaluation. The findings of the study showed that the Animated Instructional Medium in Structural Foundation was rated highly acceptable in terms of technical features and very acceptable in terms of animation, user control, interactivity, images, and text. &nbsp;An instructional guide was formulated to serve as an instructional medium for teaching basic structural foundations in Architectural Drafting. This study is beneficial to the BSIT Drafting students, construction foremen, construction workers, homeowners, instructors, and researchers.</p> Maricel Daradar Copyright (c) 2022 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 47 1 86 92 10.7719/jpair.v47i1.400 Enhancing Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) Competencies among Education Students through the “Share a Book, Wake a Thought (SABWAT)” Activity https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/471 <p style="text-align: justify;">The holistic development of every learner is one vital aim of schools. Thus, the College of Education of the University of Batangas maintains and enhances students’ intellectual, physical and socio-emotional growth and development through developmentally-appropriate activities such as the Share a Book Wake a Thought (SABWAT) project. This research intended to enhance the social and emotional learning competencies of the student-donors of the books and eventually improve the ways the SABWAT activity would be handled in the next years. It utilized the descriptive research design with a self-constructed questionnaire as the main data gathering tool based on the Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning (CASEL) Frameworks. It also used focus group discussion to verify the information gathered. Using stratified random sampling, the researchers selected 111 out of 235 enrolled students in the College of Education. The researchers used descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation. The findings revealed that the Education students, after being involved in the SABWAT activity, gained social awareness, self-awareness, responsible decision making, relationship skills, and self-management skills; the manifested application of these competencies in life. Major issues and challenges were the limited number of books donated, the small number of students being involved in the actual donation day, and the lack of information about the activity. The proposed SABWAT improvement plan aims to address the issues and challenges like the aforementioned. It is also intended to improve the SEL competencies of students through the various activities relative to SABWAT.</p> Angela Napa Edward Babasa Efsica Maranan Arceli Gilera Judith Asistin Copyright (c) 2022 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 47 1 93 111 10.7719/jpair.v47i1.471 Entrepreneurial Competencies of Accountancy, Business, and Management Students in a Private Institution https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/572 <p style="text-align: justify;">Entrepreneurial competencies are considered a vital piece for aspiring entrepreneurs to pursue entrepreneurial ventures. The research aimed to examine the personal entrepreneurial competencies scores of accountancy, business, and management (ABM) students in a private institution. A quantitative method engaging in descriptive research was employed in the study. The study utilized Slovin's formula, with 187 ABM students responding. The data were analyzed using mean and ranking. The findings revealed that <em>goal-setting</em> and <em>information-seeking</em> garnered high scores and were rated first and second, respectively, with an interpretation of ‘strong traits’ and their strengths among the identified entrepreneurial competencies. <em>Persuasion </em>and&nbsp;networking and <em>risk-taking </em>obtained moderate scores and were ranked 9th and 10<sup>th</sup>, respectively, and accordingly labeled as inferior characteristics. The researchers concluded that a plethora of inside and outside-of-school activities related to entrepreneurship could enhance the information-seeking skills of students. It was also determined that students' self-awareness should be strengthened since <em>taking risks</em> is a key component of being a successful entrepreneur. Furthermore, the study suggested that increasing entrepreneurial activities both within and outside the campus will be valuable to ABM students in developing entrepreneurial competencies, particularly for characteristics belonging to the moderate level.</p> Lorelie Buitrago Mark Anthony Polinar Alexander Franco Delantar John Lemuel Buntigao Copyright (c) 2022 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 47 1 112 125 10.7719/jpair.v47i1.572