JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair <p>is an international, scholarly and scientific open access journal, and peer-reviewed research articles. </p> Philippine Association of Institutions for Research, Inc. en-US JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research 2012-3981 Issues and Challenges Faced by Persons with Disabilities in Basco, Batanes https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/401 <p style="text-align: justify;">Persons with disabilities (PWDs) are one of the concerns of society. But due to prejudice, they are put in a disadvantageous position. Since then, there have always been issues in employment, social roles, and accessibility to education. These have led to self-doubt and inferiority, resulting in negative attitudes from non-PWDs. The study aimed to explore the issues and challenges faced by persons with disabilities in Basco, Batanes, Philippines. This study used a qualitative research design. The researchers used purposive sampling and gathered data from eight (8) qualified participants. The researchers determined the issues and challenges they faced across the four areas of their lives. First, they face difficulties at work and looking for work because of their condition and the prejudice they receive in the work environment. Second, they faced problems in school due to poverty and discrimination from classmates. Third, they receive discrimination and stereotyping from their community. Lastly, the majority of the participants receive support from their families. However, they also faced financial problems, especially with their medication.</p> William Jo Se Billote Ryan Ponce Trixie Elaine Ponce Julie Melanie Arca Ma. Kimberly Christine Cabrito Cristine Joy Candel Charleth Dasig Lyca Jade Gato Ira Nicole Regidor Victor Jacob Zabala Copyright (c) 2022 William Jo Se M. Billote, Ryan G. Ponce, Trixie Elaine G. Ponce, Julie Melanie Arca, Ma. Kimberly Christine D. Cabrito, Cristine Joy F. Candel, Charleth E. Dasig, Lyca Jade G. Gato, Ira Nicole Regidor, Victor Jacob P. Zabala https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-10 2022-03-10 48 1 1 20 10.7719/jpair.v48i1.401 Assessment of the Implemented Kapatid Mentor ME Program (KMME) of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) in Region VII, Philippines https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/410 <p style="text-align: justify;">The Kapatid Mentor ME (KMME) Program is a 10-module mentorship and coaching program initiative of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) and Philippine Center for Entrepreneurship (PCE) - Go Negosyo to help the country's Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs). Since the COVID-19 pandemic started, the program was transitioned from face-to-face to an online learning platform. The study aimed to assess the implementation of the program from the period 2016 to 2021 to streamline the future direction and craft a more holistic initiative for MSEs. The study used a descriptive research design. An online questionnaire was administered to the 257 respondents clustered by Region VII provinces. There were advantages and disadvantages identified for both learning approaches used. The respondents considered the advantages of face-to-face learning as hands-on learning, easy networking, and a conducive learning environment. Also, the advantages of the online learning approach were accessibility of time and place, comfort, and abundant online resources. It was discovered that 74.75% of the mentee graduates had improved their business status after joining the program. To ensure sustainability and scaling up of MSEs, strengthening the monitoring phase and maximizing the enterprise development track tool are recommended to address the gap of the 25.25% non-improving mentee graduates through concrete and specific intervention schemes recommended.</p> Antoniette Almaden Bryll Yu Copyright (c) 2022 Antoniette M. Almaden, Bryll M. Yu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-10 2022-03-10 48 1 21 52 10.7719/jpair.v48i1.410 Study on Consumers’ Preference and Price Premium for Organic Vegetables in Budhanilkantha Municipality Kathmandu Valley https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/403 <p style="text-align: justify;">Paying regard to the increasing concern of consumers towards nutrients-loaded food products and agriculture sustainability, the main aim of this paper is to assess the consumers’ willingness to pay the price premium for organic vegetables and to know their perception of the organic vegetables in Budhanilkantha-8 municipality, Kathmandu. A total of 100 respondents were randomly surveyed using a questionnaire. The first part of the questionnaire included the demographic section, while in the second part, consumers were asked about their perception of organic vegetable consumption. The consumers’ survey revealed that 28% of the respondents were willing to pay a 0-10% price premium compared to inorganic vegetables. Similarly, 24% were willing to pay a 20-30% price premium. Some (22%) were willing to pay a 10-20% price premium, 9% liked to pay a 30-40% price premium, 1% liked to pay a 40-50% price premium, and 8% were willing to pay greater than 50% price premium, while 8% of surveyed consumers denied paying price premium even in case of product availability. The consumers’ willingness to pay was health properties, followed by freshness and taste. Few factors, such as low availability, low trust, lack of information, and high price, were considered barriers to purchasing organic vegetables. The survey also suggested that the consumption of organic vegetables is increasing; however, to stimulate further demand for its consumption, huge production and timely availability, credible certification, processing, and packaging are needed to be promoted.</p> Arjun Acharya Sagar Paudel Copyright (c) 2022 Arjun Acharya, Sagar Paudel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-10 2022-03-10 48 1 53 71 10.7719/jpair.v48i1.403 Organizational Commitment and Effectiveness of a Holding Company for a Conglomerate in Cebu City https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/404 <p style="text-align: justify;">The paper aimed to examine rank-and-file employees’ organizational commitment and the effectiveness&nbsp;of&nbsp;a holding company by assessing&nbsp;the&nbsp;level of agreement&nbsp;of the dimensions and variables. A quantitative technique engaging&nbsp;a descriptive research&nbsp;method&nbsp;was used in the study. The study applied Slovin’s formula, with 92 rank-and-file employees responding, and the data collected were analyzed using weighted mean and descriptive equivalents. The findings revealed that&nbsp;<em>normative commitment</em>&nbsp;has the most dominant dimensions perceived by the rank-and-file employees constituting the overall mean of organizational commitment with a descriptive match of ‘agree.’&nbsp;&nbsp;Additionally,&nbsp;<em>teamwork</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>direct manager</em> gained the top two highest average weighted mean with a descriptive equivalent of 'agree,' resulting in the core variables that constitute organizational effectiveness. The researchers concluded that <em>normative commitment</em>&nbsp;that has had the most direct impact on the holding company’s organizational commitment had stimulated teamwork and&nbsp;a&nbsp;leadership style that has&nbsp;operated as a cultural scaffold for building&nbsp;strong competitive advantage and effectiveness. Over and above that, the study suggested that&nbsp;nurturing and sustaining&nbsp;activities that will bring to light the employees’ shared vision and goals aligned with the organization will help buoy the level of the organization's moderate level into a high level of organizational commitment and effectiveness.</p> Krystel May Balonias Mark Anthony Polinar Alexander Franco Delantar Copyright (c) 2022 Krystel May R. Balonias, Mark Anthony N. Polinar, Alexander Franco A. Delantar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-10 2022-03-10 48 1 72 88 10.7719/jpair.v48i1.404 Assessment on the Integration of the Basic Education Department of Notre Dame of Marbel University: Input for Strategic Management Plan https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/407 <p style="text-align: justify;">The term integration refers to merging the Elementary and High School Departments. The merging entailed alignment of the curriculum and management system from kindergarten to the secondary levels, where there is a unified set of administrative teams for both elementary and high school to plan, implement, monitor, and evaluate the curriculum and other administrative components. Using a descriptive research design, this study assessed the implementation of the integrated system of basic education at Notre Dame of Marbel University. Specifically, this study has determined the level of satisfaction of the personnel and retirees on the implementation of the integrated system of the basic education department of Notre Dame of Marbel University; and determining the strengths and weaknesses of the implementation of the integrated system as perceived by the personnel and retirees of NDMU-IBED. The result of the study reveals that all the areas being assessed, such as the Organizational Structure, Academic/Instructional Management, Program Implementation Scheme, Human Relationship, Leadership, and Participation, have obtained very satisfactory results. Strengths and Weaknesses were also identified in each of the areas mentioned. It can be concluded that the integrated system being implemented in the basic education of Notre Dame of Marbel University has brought more positive changes in terms of the organizational structure, academic management, program implementation monitoring scheme, human resource relationship, leadership, and participation.</p> Wilter Friales Allan Sumadic Leann Jester Rosali Copyright (c) 2022 Wilter C. Friales, Allan C. Sumadic, Leann Jester D. Rosalie https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-10 2022-03-10 48 1 89 107 10.7719/jpair.v48i1.407 School Responsiveness and Psychosocial Stability of Teachers, Parents, and Learners on the Implementation of Learning Delivery Modalities (LDMs): A Basis in Policy Brief Formulation https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/408 <p style="text-align: justify;">Pedagogy, technology, and material resources are some challenges in ensuring the continuity of learning, while teachers, parents, and learners are factors that significantly affect the school’s learning performance. The Department of Education mandate schools and learning centers to implement capacity building and establish support mechanism to ensure the seamless transition of learning activities into the New Normal. The objective of the study is to understand how parents, learners, and teachers will be able to adjust to the new learning setup, embrace the changes, and affects the delivery and acquisition of new learning, as well as the implications of the pandemic in the participant’s personality. A sequential explanatory research design was used in the study. Data were collected in two consecutive phases. First phase data were computed from the responses in the survey questionnaire, while the second phase responses from focus group discussion used thematic analysis. Based on the generated themes, a new intervention model, Three-way Teaching and Learning Process in the New Normal, was established. The model integrates significant processes such as observation, communication, instruction, interaction, support, and participation in ensuring the success of the new learning set-up. The model also shows interventions highlighted, such as communication access, professional development, digital collaboration, independent learning, stakeholder engagement, and parental education. The intervention model is recommended to be used as an implementation framework in the Division and School Learning Continuity Plan.</p> Susan Oribiana Dexter Palanas Ligaya Fuego Copyright (c) 2022 Susan DL Oribiana, Dexter M. Palanas, Ligaya B. Fuego https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-10 2022-03-10 48 1 108 126 10.7719/jpair.v48i1.408 Contribution of Professional Teachers to the Local Economy of Cebu City, Philippines https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/402 <p style="text-align: justify;">A yoga teacher deems professional when remuneration is generated from teaching and guiding students on the path of Yoga, including the practices of pranayama, meditation, and asana. This study intends to determine whether professional yoga teachers contribute an economic value in terms of employment and income tax to the local economy of Cebu. This study used the quantitative research method. About ten professional yoga teachers certified by Yoga Alliance, Vinyasa Yoga Academy, Mudra School, and World Peace Yoga School participated in the online survey. Economic evaluation tools such as break-even and cost- benefit analysis were applied to determine the cash flows generated between the investment (cost) incurred from acquiring the certification of a registered yoga teacher (RYT) and the earnings (benefit) generated from yoga classes conducted. It was discovered that a registered yoga teacher earns an average pay of Php165 or USD 2.9216 per hour per student derived from the 60/40 profit-sharing principle. Given the fixed cost of acquiring the RYT-200 certification and the estimated monthly earnings, part-time professional yoga teachers would need at least six months, and full-time would need at least two months to break even. The cost-benefit ratio indicates that the cash flows generated were viable since CBR &gt;1; for each 1-peso value in the teacher’s training certification and equipment costs, 2.07 peso benefits for part-time and 6.70 pesos for full-time were generated. Therefore, professional yoga teachers were expected to create incremental economic value contributions to the local economy of Cebu.</p> Antoniette Almaden Jan Roel Herbieto Mila Mae Velasco Copyright (c) 2022 Antoniette M. Almaden, Jan Roel A. Herbieto, Mila Mae L. Velasco https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-10 2022-03-10 48 1 127 149 10.7719/jpair.v48i1.402