Publication Ethics

Criteria for Acceptance and Rejection.

A manuscript is accepted when it is (1) endorsed for publication by the Editorial Consultant (2) the instructions of the reviewers are substantially complied; (3) the manuscript passed the plagiarism detection test with a score of at least 90 for originality; and, (4) the manuscript obtained a score of 90 percent for grammarly software; otherwise, the manuscript is rejected. The reviewer's evaluations include an explicit recommendation of what to do with the manuscript, chosen from options provided by the journal.

Most recommendations are along the following lines:

  • Unconditional acceptance
  • Acceptance with revision based on the reviewer's recommendations
  • Rejection with an invitation to resubmit after major adjustments based on the advice of the reviewers and editorial board
  • Complete rejection

In situations where the reviewers disagree substantially about the quality of work, there are a number of strategies for reaching a decision. When the editor receives both extremely favorable and extremely negative feedback on the same manuscript, the board will request one or more extra reviews to break the tie. In the event of a tie, the board may invite writers to respond to a reviewer's criticisms and allow a strong response to break the tie. The board may request a response from the reviewer who made the original critique if the editor does not feel secure in judging the persuasiveness of a rebuttal. In rare instances, the board will convey communications back and forth between an author and a reviewer, allowing them to debate on a point. However, even in such a case, the board does not allow reviewer to confer with each other. The goal of the process is explicitly not to reach a consensus or to convince anyone to change his/her opinions.