JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair <p>Discipline: Multidisciplinary Research</p> en-US executiveeditor@philair.ph (Douny Wabe Maaliao) info@philair.ph (Darryl Nuyda) Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:14:41 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Effect of Conditional Cash Transfer Program on the Scholastic Performance of High School Students in Naga City http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/720 <p style="text-align: justify;">Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs, as for the Naga City, Philippines, includes the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) and Quality Elementary and High School Education in Naga (QUEEN), both aimed to help for students to have access in education and also improve its quality. The study sought to describe the effect of CCT programs on the scholastic performance of 237 students in a secondary school in Naga City, Philippines. Using a correlational descriptive design, the author analyzed the dropped-out rate and generally weighted averages of students. Results revealed that CCT has no effect in reducing dropped out rate and no significant difference in academic performance among the beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the CCT.</p> Ronnel Joseph Competente Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/720 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:10:26 +0000 Engagement of LGBT Teenagers in Sexting in Calapan City http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/721 <p style="text-align: justify;">Mobile phones are essentially a part of people’s lives, and it has changed the way people lead their lives.&nbsp; The number is rising and the number and the way cellphones are designed today makes access to other people and different services very quick and easy. The study aimed to understand and determine the different factors leading to the engagement to sexting. The data gathering was conducted in Calapan City with members of the LGBT Community as respondents. A qualitative study was used in the collection and analysis of data. Snowball sampling was used for the one hundred (100) identified members of the LGBT community, sixty-four (64) of them have signified as engaging in sexting and twenty-three (23) agreed to be interviewed. The study found out that enjoyment and satisfaction is the factor that contributed a lot to engage in sexting.&nbsp; The results showed that loss of reputation greatly affected them as an individual being. Further, what started out as simple messaging continued to implicit messaging, then sending and receiving of nude or semi-nude photos, next video chat and for some eventually actual sex.&nbsp; It is recommended that the LGBT sexters should be knowledgeable about the consequences before engaging in sexting.</p> Bernardo Magbanua , Ma. Arlyn Redublo Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/721 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:10:32 +0000 The Performance of Teachers of Indigenous Pupils http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/722 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aimed to determine the factors affecting the teaching performance of school teachers handling indigenous students in public elementary schools in Botolan District, Division of Zamblaes, during S.Y 2017-2018. The study revealed that the teacher-respondents perceived “often” on psychological and educational factors while “sometimes” on sociological, supervisory assistance and economical as factors affecting teaching performance. The teacher-respondents were rated “very satisfactory” in their teaching work performance. There are no significant differences in the perception towards psychological, sociological, educational, supervisory assistance and economical as factors affecting teaching performance; and no relationship between the work performance and factors affecting work performance as psychological, sociological, educational, supervisory assistance and economic factors, respectively. Teachers are encouraged to explore multiple intelligences in order to improve a variety of traits and abilities for better teaching and learning process; the school should foster more the harmonious relationship and create a healthy working environment; to revisit curriculum for possible modification in order to meet the varying levels of IP’s abilities; to conduct seminars on human relation for better understanding on social duties,&nbsp; interpersonal traits and relations with other people; and since there is no relationship between the teaching performance and the factors affecting the teaching performance; therefore, other studies along this line should be conducted using other variables.</p> Domingo Edaño Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/722 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:10:37 +0000 The Shared Mission: A Phenomenological Study on the Marist-Lay Partnership http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/723 <p style="text-align: justify;">The term partnership is being viewed in the context that the lay people are not just simply workers or employees of the Brothers in schools, but they are partners in fulfilling the mission on education. This Phenomenological Study of the Marist-lay partnership explored the lived-experiences of both the Marist lay and Marist Brothers in the context of a partnership for the mission of the Marist. It is a phenomenological qualitative design of research that aimed to explore the lived experiences of both the Marist Brothers and the Lay in the context of the partnership. This qualitative research used the transcendental Phenomenological approach following the method introduced by Moustaka (1994). The first part of the study explored the lived-experiences of the Marist Brothers and lay while they work with the Marist mission. It presented their vocation stories, challenges encountered, and attitudes towards work, working relationships, and the impact of such a partnership in their lives. The second part of the study revealed the different meanings and the themes drawn in understanding the concept of Marist-lay partnership as perceived by the Marist Brothers and the lay in working for the Marist mission. The emergent themes were extracted after the thorough process of thematic coding, analysis, and categorization of the transcripts from the in-depth interview of the researcher to the identified participants of the study. Based on the result of the exploration, it was drawn out that collaboration appeared to be very important to be established in the Marist community.&nbsp;</p> Wilter Friales Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/723 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:10:43 +0000 Towards Migration-Responsive Local Government: Profiling, Perceived Program Needs and Driving Forces http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/724 <p>The phenomenon of ethnic migration has been part of human history and vital to the development of cultures and civilizations. Using mixed-method inquiry, the research studied the Local Government’s responsiveness to the Muslim migrants’ need for programs relative to education, livelihood, health, and sanitation, housing, socio-civic, and cultural aspects, including investigation of the driving forces of the 155 migrants selected using purposive sampling. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed, and in addition, a subset of the participants, which included government personnel and leaders of the Muslims, were interviewed. The use of documentary analysis and observation of Muslim activities were also vital sources of data. Results showed that older migrant females have migrated for a relatively long time who have been engaged in business and trading operations, considered limited opportunities and personal reasons as driving forces of their migration; the local government’s support for the educational needs of the Muslims through Madrassah School supervised by the Department of Education, support for livelihood program, and promoting harmonious relationships between Muslims and non-Muslims through socio-cultural and other programs. Results would lead to the creation of academe-government linkage for a sustainable development program for Muslim migrants.</p> Evelyn Rabino, Meynardo Montalbo Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/724 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:10:49 +0000 Awareness of Millennial Undergraduate Students of a Private University in the Philippines on Bioethical Practices and Issues http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/725 <p>This descriptive research assessed the level of awareness of millennial undergraduate students of a private university in the Philippines on the bioethical practices such as abortion, surrogacy, euthanasia, eugenics, organ donation/ transplant, and in-vitro fertilization that give rise to bioethical issues. The author utilized a validated self-made instrument to gauge the respondents’ knowledge, understanding, and awareness of these bioethical practices and issues. The findings show that all the student-respondents have a high level of knowledge that bioethical practices, such as abortion, surrogacy, eugenics, organ donation, and in-vitro fertilization do exist in modern society. They also reveal that Psychology, Education, and Nursing student-respondents have a very high level of understanding the meaning of these bioethical practices. The results further reveal that Education students are the most highly aware of how the advancements in science lead to the emergence of new bioethical issues. The implications reflect the views of the millennial undergraduate students on the bioethical issues brought about by the advancements in medical science. &nbsp;The millennial cohorts are the driving force shaping the future; hence, there is still a need to reinforce and develop the understanding of bioethics as respect for life which can help them make ethical choices in the dilemmas that they may face in life. &nbsp;</p> Gina Alvarado Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/725 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:10:55 +0000 Ang Pag-Aruga sa Di Tunay na Kanila: Factors Affecting Foster Carers to Foster Care a Child http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/726 <p>If parents are unable, unwilling, or unfit to take good care of a child, the child might be better in a new home environment. An alternative way called foster caring, which is given by foster carers, would likely to take place. In this regard, the study determined the factors affecting foster carers to foster care a child and identified the more prevalent factors. The study considered both formal and informal foster care systems. The study was quantitative and employed a descriptive design. The researchers went to Baguio City, La Union, and Pangasinan to gather data, but only eight respondents from Pangasinan participated in the study. Inventory questionnaires were utilized wherein Mean Analysis and Analysis of Variance were used in the analysis and interpretation of data. All the factors namely Altruism, Companionship for One’s Child, Life Dissatisfaction, Desire to Derive Income, Desire to Nurture a Child, Identification with Deprived Children and Need to be Needed affect foster carers to foster care a child. However, there were only four prevalent factors which are Altruism, Life Dissatisfaction, and Desire to Nurture a Child, and Need to be needed. In conclusion, the factors which affect foster carers to foster care a child play a significant role in the child’s welfare and development.</p> William Jo Se Billote, Gericka Mae Dizon , Jarrah Kay Fernandez, Rhose Ann Narvasa, Hannah Viernes Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/726 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:11:00 +0000 The Performance of SHS Learners in Writing Scholarly Research with the Aid of Instructional Scaffolding http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/727 <p>A research paper is widely considered as an important requirement produced by learners. However, writing a research paper has been a common challenge for most Senior High School learners. In the Philippines, most of the Senior High School learners have difficulty in explicating their contentions in their study due to their lack of knowledge in conducting and writing a research paper. One of their problems is applying the academic writing conventions such as formality in writing, coherence, grammar, and other related skills involved in writing conventions in writing a scholarly paper. Hence, this study aims to enhance learners' research writing skills by utilizing Instructional Scaffolding as a teaching technique that provides support systems, like reinforcements or relevant activities in molding independent learners, until it becomes unnecessary for them. This quantitative study determined the effectiveness of Instructional Scaffolding by applying correction symbols as an intervention on the difficulties experienced by the Senior High School grade 12 STEM learners in writing a research paper. Twenty-five research papers were investigated by analyzing them with the checklist used by Erel and Bulut (2007), which was also subjected to T-test formula. The results of this study revealed a decrease in Mean error scores from 75.52 to 20.52, which indicates a significant improvement in the learners’ writings of learners in their research paper. This result implied that instructional scaffolding enhanced the writing competence of learners in writing a research paper.</p> Vanneza Clare Martinez Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/727 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:11:06 +0000 Communicative Competencies and Pre-Service Teaching Performance: Basis for Communication Skills Enhancement http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/728 <p>With the current demand standard for teachers equipped with the 21<sup>st</sup>-century skill of communicative competence, teacher education institutions like the DalubhasaanngLunsodng San Pablo (DLSP) have continuously searched for ways and means to fortify the communication skills development of their students and to hone them into well-prepared and well-equipped future teachers. The pre-service teaching internship is an avenue to establish the readiness of the student-teacher in an educational environment. This paper assessed the extent of association between the level of communicative competencies and pre-service teaching performance of the DLSP student teachers for the academic year 2017-2018. More specifically, it showed the profile of the pre-service teachers: the majority are aged 21-25, females, taking BEED-General Curriculum. The pre-service teachers are found to have an above-average level of communicative competencies in reading, listening, and writing but only average level of communicative competencies in speaking. There is a significant difference among speaking, reading, and writing competencies when grouped according to major or area of specialization. There is a weak correlation between communicative competencies of listening, reading and writing, and student teaching performance, while there is a moderate correlation between speaking competencies and student teaching performance. To get a more conclusive correlation between competencies and performance, it is recommended for the institution to include communicative competencies as one among the specific parameters in evaluating pre-service teaching performance.&nbsp;</p> Lilian Dela Cruz Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/728 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:11:12 +0000 Readiness of Legazpi City, Albay in Becoming the Top 5 Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE) Destination in the Philippines http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/729 <p style="text-align: justify;">Tourism played a significant role in the development of a country’s economic development. Tourist expenditures contributed a lot to the economy of destination areas. With this tourism activity, it illuminated MICE to be a unique opportunity for the development of a certain locality. This study determined the readiness of Legazpi City in becoming one of the top 5 MICE destinations in the Philippines, aimed to determine the perceptions of the respondents towards hotel/resorts, convention/exhibition centers and public/private sectors along with its physical, technology and services offered, likewise the challenges encountered by the industry. It uses the descriptive method of research employing a survey instrument lifted from ASEAN MICE Venue Standard to 160 respondents of the study was 100 are tourists, ten from Local Government Unit, and 50 Private sectors. Findings revealed that the city is on the result of the study. However, challenges were identified, such as City Planning, External Competition, complete vulnerability, information technology revolution, and human resources are the city’s difficulty. Thus, this research will provide conceptions of a logical framework that will resolve the city’s dream of inclusion to be one of the top 5 MICE destinations.</p> Maria Luisa Gonzales Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/729 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:11:18 +0000 The Importance of Knowledge Base among Kindergartner Teachers on Language Structure in Teaching Reading Effectively http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/730 <p>Reading plays a vital role in learning, and yet it is a common problem in many classrooms nowadays. Many researchers are looking for a solution to this problem. Various methods and strategies are needed to come into solution. By then, the role of the teacher comes in; he will implement these methods and strategies intended for reading. As the teaching-learning process, still problem arises if the teacher has not enough knowledge on how to effectively teach reading.&nbsp; This study was conducted to determine the knowledge base of kindergartner teachers of Language Structure in teaching reading effectively in the schools of Gitagum, Libertad and Initao, Misamis Oriental. This descriptive type of study involves thirty-three kindergartner teachers in the three municipalities of Misamis Oriental based on the District offices enrolment. The respondents were given survey-questionnaire to rate themselves on their level of knowledge on the basic components of reading and to test themselves on their knowledge and abilities on Language Structures. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics like mean, percentage, and t-test.&nbsp; The results showed inconsistency in their level of knowledge, the outcome of the knowledge, and ability test. Hence, the kindergartner teachers are still lack of knowledge of language structure and in need of in-depth training and seminar-workshop.</p> Christie Mae Kilat Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/730 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:11:24 +0000 Antioxidant and Antistaphylococcal Activity of Topical Fucoidan Gel from Sargassum oligocystum Montagne http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/731 <p>Brown seaweed is one of the algal species that has been used as food, a source of nutritional supplements, and formulated for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. This study evaluated the antioxidant and antistaphylococcal activities of topical fucoidan gel (TFG) from <em>Sargassum oligocystum</em>. A completely randomized design was used, and the experimental protocol includes extraction, lyophilization, and characterization, quality testing, and biological assay. Physicochemical tests suggested that the lyophilized fucoidan is comparable with the properties of pharmaceutical-grade fucoidan. FTIR characterization revealed that fucoidan spectra contain the key functional groups, the sulfate groups, and polysaccharide chains. The formulated topical fucoidan gel also conforms to the selected minimum standards conducted for semi-solid preparation. Analysis of variance of antioxidant and antistaphylococcal assays showed that there was a significant difference in the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) and inhibitory zone (IZ) among treatments at the p&lt;.01 respectively. Scheffe test confirmed that the IC50 of treatment pairs Ascorbic Acid (AA) -TGF, AA-Lyophilized Fucoidan (LF), and TFG-LF were insignificant, which means they are comparable. Consequently, the IZ of Mupirocin 15ug/ml and TFG 45ug/ml has no significant difference, and it's inhibitory zones on <em>S. aureus </em>are comparable. Thus, the results suggested that lyophilized fucoidan from <em>S. oligocystum</em> is a potential alternative antioxidant and antistaphylococcal agent.</p> Richie Bayuran Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/731 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:11:30 +0000 Meeting our Commitment: School-Based Management System in the lens of School Performance http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/732 <p>Advocates of school-based management believe that school performance will improve if educational management is focused on the school-level rather than on the division level. This paper aimed to find out if the school-based management system level of implementation significantly influences the school performance. The findings of the study reveal that the level of implementation of the school-based management system of the administrators in the elementary schools of Makilala Districts was in the developing and maturing level. Most of the administrators’ school performance was meeting the standards in the NAT average rating. School-based management system level of implementation in terms of leadership and governance, curriculum and instruction, accountability, and continuous improvement and management of resources significantly influence school performance.&nbsp; All of these indicators are the best significant predictors of school performance. These results further indicate that the higher is the administrators’ level of implementation on leadership and governance, curriculum and instruction, accountability and continuous improvement, and management of resources, the higher is the level of school performance.</p> Rian Linao, Beatriz Gosadan Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/732 Wed, 16 Oct 2019 07:11:36 +0000 Non-Government Organization Practices on Peace Building Process http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/735 <p style="text-align: justify;">Generally, this study aimed to determine the influence and contribution of the socio-demographic profile of the NGO officers and practices on the peace building process. Specifically, it aimed to determine the socio-demographic profile of the NGO officers, the level of practices of NGO activities, the level of conduct of different initiatives on the peace building process, and the effect of the socio-demographic profile and NGO practices on the peace building process. 47 NGO officers who served as respondents of the study. Percentage and frequency were used to describe the socio-demographic profile of the officers. Mean was used to determine the level of practices of NGO and peace building processes; multiple regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses of the study. It was found out that most of the NGO officers were under the age bracket of 26 – 30 years old male, Maguindanaon, married, primary and high school graduate in Arabic and English Education, had 11,000 – 20,000 monthly income and gave 600 – 1,500 weekly to support the operation of the organization. Findings further revealed that the NGO officers fully practiced relational dimension, peace building agents, and communication and consultation.</p> Munain Haron Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/735 Fri, 25 Oct 2019 02:38:23 +0000 Effect of Deep Cervical Flexor Training on Craniovertebral Angle and Muscle Endurance among Students with Forwarding Head Posture http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/734 <p style="text-align: justify;">With the ease of use and a wide variety of choices of smartphones, it significantly affects the ways of life in terms of socializing, applications, gathering, and sharing information. Little do the people know that it can also affect the posture. This is where an introduction of exercise that targets the muscles involved in the impaired posture comes to maintain a proper posture. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of deep cervical flexor training on the craniovertebral angle and muscle endurance of students with forwarding head posture. The study is an experimental type of research that was utilized to thirty (30) junior high school students who had undergone fishbowl technique selection and assigned in two (2) groups namely control and experimental group. Craniovertebral angle and deep neck flexor endurance test were used to determine the pre- and post-test of both groups. There is a significant difference in the paired t-test result of pre- and post-test outcome of deep cervical flexor training of the experimental group in terms of CVA. In contrast to DNFET, there is no significant difference in the paired t-test result of pre- and post-test intervention of deep cervical flexor training of the experimental group. Deep cervical flexor training is useful to increase CVA.</p> Jamaica Manlogon, Maurice Villafranca Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/734 Fri, 25 Oct 2019 02:38:30 +0000 Perceptions of Students, Faculty and Administrative Staff on the Data Privacy Act: An Exploratory Study http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/733 <p style="text-align: justify;">The Data Privacy Act of 2012 was enacted to “protect the fundamental human right of privacy of communication while ensuring a free flow of information to promote innovation and growth.” Data privacy pertains to the right of an individual not to disclose his or her information. Since privacy is a universal human right, it is the responsibility of the government to protect the rights of its people to privacy and provide measures to protect their data. Given that the Data Privacy Act’s implementation is a relatively recent development in the Philippines, little is known about the various stakeholders’ perceptions towards it. A qualitative study which utilized semi-structured interviews was conducted to explore selected students’, faculty members’ and administrative staffs’ perceptions of the Data Privacy Act. Non-probability, purposive sampling was used to recruit six respondents. An interview guide was developed to help in the facilitation of the interviews. Data were analyzed through the 6-step thematic analysis by Braun &amp; Clarke (2006). Four themes emerged: 1) Limited awareness of the law, 2) Somewhat familiar with the purpose/ functions of the law, 3) Issues in the implementation of the law in the academe, and 4) Ambiguity in the necessity of the law. Recommendations to improve compliance with the Data Privacy Act, such as the designation of personal information controllers or data privacy officers (DPO) to ensure that security measures are in place to protect personal and sensitive information, were also discussed.&nbsp;</p> David Paul Ramos Copyright (c) 2019 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://philair.ph/publication/index.php/jpair/article/view/733 Fri, 25 Oct 2019 02:38:37 +0000