JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair <p>Aims to publish new discoveries in the various disciplines of knowledge contributed by member researchers. &lt;&lt;<a title="read more" href="https://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/about#AboutJournal"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>read</strong></span></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>&gt;&gt;</strong></span></p> en-US executiveeditor@philair.ph (Dounilyn Wabe Maaliao) webmaster@philair.ph (Darryl Nuyda) Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.10 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Creative Thinking and Anxiety among Adolescents http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/399 <p style="text-align: justify;">Every person will come to experience what everyone perceives as the most challenging stage in life – adolescence. Most adolescents have different perspectives on life in this stage, and they experience many transitions. These transitions can naturally lead to anxiety. Experiencing anxiety is a normal part of adolescence. Excessive anxiety, however, frequently results in anxiety disorder. Individuals with this disorder often experience intense, excessive, and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Using a descriptive-correlational research design, this study aimed to determine the relationship between variables such as age and anxiety to creative thinking among 100 adolescents in a selected school in Batanes. The Creativity Styles Questionnaire (CSQ) was used to assess creative thinking and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) for the respondents' anxiety. Results revealed the following: (1) There were no significant differences in anxiety between male and female adolescents; (2) A weak negative correlation between age and anxiety and; (3) A weak negative correlation between creative thinking and anxiety.</p> William Jo Se M. Billote, Ryan G. Ponce, Trixie Elaine G. Ponce, Angelica Ruth B. Aguada, Ma. Abegaille H. Bata, Michaela Nicole A. De Leon, Amie Shane B. Lizardo, Kimberly Faith B. Merina, Michaela Lj L. Padios, Mary Diane V. Viola Copyright (c) 2021 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/399 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A Content and Thematic Analysis of Student International Internship Reports: Basis for Designing Alternative Experiential Learning Activities http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/444 <p>Schools design internship programs based on intended learning outcomes, which influence their choice of partner training establishments and setting of training activities and duration. An internship is a form of experiential learning, students acquire many unintended discoveries in completing their tasks and interacting with others. This study examines such intended and incidental learning experiences through content and thematic analysis of the internship reports of 26 students of a higher education institution (HEI) located in Cavite, Philippines, who joined either the Thailand Student Internship Abroad Program (SIAP) or the USA Work and Travel Program in 2018 and 2019. These reports contained student reflections, weekly logs of their training activities, and supervisor feedback. The following nodes or units of analysis were used: type of establishment, training area, intentional learning, incidental learning, courses and activities in school that prepared them for their internship, and the supervisors’ comments on the students’ performance. The findings highlight the importance of developing students’ skills in guest handling, food preparation and styling, guiding and escorting, report preparation, and event coordination in preparation for internship. Further, increased cultural knowledge and sensitivity was needed. These findings were used to improve the HEI internship and skills enhancement program for school year 2021-2022, tempered by current situations, most notably the SIAP suspension and limited implementation of onsite local practicum.&nbsp; Alternative experiential learning activities were thus proposed.&nbsp;</p> Maria Cecilia E. Remanente Copyright (c) 2021 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/444 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Do Marketing strategies, COVID 19 Pandemic and Consumer Location Affect Consumer Buying Behaviour? Empirical Study on Oil and Gas Lubricant Industries in United Arab Emirates http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/445 <p style="text-align: justify;">For UAE end-users, consumer behavior and purchasing power faced many swings period after Covid 19 pandemic. Recently, changes in sales capacity and customers' preferences for eco-friendly products highlighted the industrial gap for producers before and after the pandemic. Green marketing practices aim to improve customer knowledge to increase consumer loyalty, preserve wealth, and reduce global environmental degradation. The research examines the relationship between changes in consumer purchasing behavior and green marketing strategies following the COVID-19 pandemic in the UAE's oil and gas lubricants industry. It also assesses the efficacy of green marketing in improving the dynamic of organization performance. Stakeholders and three bottom lines theories formed the theoretical background for this research. The paper's methodology is quantitative with deductive approaches and inferential statistical analysis, while the sampling strategy is a snowball, with 162 respondents, through quantitative methods, most notably surveys. The primary findings of this study established a substantial positive correlation between both study variables and consumer attitudes toward green marketing initiatives. Consumer opinion differs according to geographical ages when developing and advertising environmentally friendly products. Meanwhile, the article examined how consumers’ behavior of economic themes changed prior to and following the Covid-19 pandemic epidemic.</p> Hosam Azat Elsaman, Liza Gernal Copyright (c) 2021 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/445 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 COVID-19 Pandemic and Performance: Empirical study of Integrated Remote Site Management services in Dubai, United Arab Emirates http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/446 <p style="text-align: justify;">Generally and in the UAE, businesses worldwide are particularly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The SME companies in Dubai UAE faced a very tough challenge to deal with the new circumstances of lockdown and curfews in running the international business. The purpose of the current study was to analyze the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on Business Performance. The theoretical frameworks for this study are Process Theory of Internationalization (PTI), Uppsala-model (the U-model), and internalization theories and the link with IB theories applications nowadays. The quantitative study applied a nonexperimental, deductive approach and explanatory correlation design, and Snowball sampling was used to select stakeholders of integrated remote site management (IRSM) services in Dubai, UAE. Data was collected at a single phase using a cross-sectional survey instrument and analyzed using inferential statistics with the aid of SPSS. The survey results revealed that the COVID-19 pandemic did not significantly change the efficiency performance of the IRSM stakeholders. Stakeholders' confidence in their strategic leaders did not decrease while working under the constraints of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study did not account for any changes in employee or leaders’ behavior over time.&nbsp; This Empirical study findings add value to the limited literature on the correlation between the COVID-19 pandemic and the strategic leadership of international businesses. The paper’s practical implications would be further study on strategic leadership in IB and efficiency performances during global pandemics.</p> Senaj Avdic, Hosam Azat Elsaman, Liza Gernal Copyright (c) 2021 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/446 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Employee’s Performance in Small and Medium Enterprises: A Human Resource Management Critical Analysis http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/447 <p style="text-align: justify;">Performance management is an important step in the organization’s human resource management because it hones and improves employee performance. Determining the extent of functional flexibility in human resource management, organizational communication, leadership behaviors, and employee performance, including their significant relationship, as well as the significant effects, is the aim of this study. A descriptive survey and correlational research design were utilized to gather the said information through a questionnaire with 498 respondents. It was revealed through weighted mean, Pearson correlation, and multiple linear regression analysis that there was a significant low positive correlation between functional flexibility in human resource management and employee performance, organizational communication and employee performance, transformational leadership behaviors and employee performance, and transactional leadership behaviors with employee performance. Given the overall results, the study concluded that all four (4) independent variables had significant effects on employee performance in Small and Medium Enterprises.</p> Cliff Kirl F. Lubon Copyright (c) 2021 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/447 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Leadership Style of Senior Manager of Medical Device Industry in Germany: A Case Study http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/448 <p style="text-align: justify;">Leadership allows organizations to focus on employee development and sustain efforts for well-being. It argued that the medical device industry is complex and leadership requires support to meet the demands. Moreover, increasing globalization and politicization of social welfare institutes have increased challenges. Regulatory compliance must be followed. The study aimed to explore the leadership style of senior leaders in the context of regulatory compliance in the medical device industry after the Covid-19 outbreak. The research objective is to get insight, thoughts, and shared experiences from the medical device industry leaders as they face regulatory challenges. The research used a qualitative approach and the data was collected through conducting interviews with medical device industry leaders and later performing a thematic analysis of the interview transcripts. The sample population taken in the research comprised 14 senior leaders from South Germany, particularly in Baden-Württemberg Region, where they shared their responses based on design questions. The questions were designed within the context of regulatory compliance.&nbsp; Ethical considerations maintain the anonymity of the participant. It was observed that regulatory compliance in the medical device industry has uncertain and dynamic situations where an authoritarian style of leadership becomes necessary. However, most of the leaders disagreed with this style of leadership and some resort to a democratic way of listening through effective communication or collaboration. Communication skill was found to be the most effective for leaders in the medical device industry. Leaders build personal relationships with their subordinates and try to cater to their needs.&nbsp;</p> Suriyakumaran Kousihan, Hosam Azat Elsaman, Mohamed Ali Maricar Copyright (c) 2021 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/448 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Story Retelling (SR) Technique in Improving Reading Comprehension of Sixth-Graders http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/453 <p style="text-align: justify;">The PHIL-IRI results of the sixth graders during their fifth grade were seriously alarming. All learners were identified as frustration readers. Thus, this study aimed to improve sixth graders' reading comprehension through Story Retelling (SR) technique. The study used a pretest-post-test quasi-experimental design consisting of two intact classes with 43 grade 6 learners. One class was exposed to SR Technique, while the other was exposed to the traditional method. The comparison of posttest results revealed no significant difference in the comprehension level of the respondents with (p&gt;.01) between groups. The data proved that SR did not significantly enhance the reading comprehension of the learners. There was a slight increase in the posttest mean scores of the experimental group. However, the increase was not significant. It showed that the learners lacked solid general knowledge and vast vocabulary, which are essential in reading. The interviews discovered that the learners were not exposed to the English language and were not adequately monitored about their academic progress. These pre-existing background conditions significantly affected the intervention, preventing a significant difference in the learners' reading comprehension. Based on the results, it is recommended that the Story Retelling (SR) technique is only introduced to the learners after they learn the basic reading skills, including vocabulary, and establish solid general knowledge. Moreover, the amount of time spent on the intervention added to the undesirable results. Thus, the intervention should be conducted in more than six weeks to achieve better results.</p> Cupid Jones O. Risonar, Jayson S. Digamon, Jerome N. De La Pena, Ronnel Rey R. Delima Copyright (c) 2021 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/453 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Beach Resorts’ Contribution to the Triple Bottom Line: Economic, Environmental, and Social http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/455 <p>This investigation utilized the blended method of research using researcher-designed survey tools. This study was conducted in Anda, Bohol. Using the random sampling technique, sixty respondents provided information on the contribution of the operation of the beach resorts. The study also had nine informants interviewed on the challenges encountered by the beach resorts' operations in their locality. For the analysis of quantitative data, frequency count, percentage, weighted mean, and thematic analysis for qualitative data. The operation of beach resorts had a high contribution towards economic growth and social development and a moderate contribution towards environmental protection. Lastly, challenges encountered by the stakeholders in the operations of beach resorts in terms of ensuring economic growth were <em>Poor Service Quality, Decreases Guests’ Loyalty, Lack of Transparency in Financial Report, Local Guest Outnumber Foreign Visitors, Marketing Disadvantage due to Inaccessible Location, Unstable Employment, Failure to Comply Legal Obligations</em> and <em>Fishing Ban</em>. In contrast, the challenges in attaining social development were <em>Negative Intercultural Adaptation, Culture and Heritage Disturbance, Inequalities of Resources, Lack of Community Involvement</em>, and <em>Low Public Health Protection</em>. Further, the challenges in ascertaining environmental protection of the beach resorts’ existence in the locality were <em>Weak Environmental Monitoring and Enforcement, Rejecting Environmental Policy, Additional Burden, Minimizes Financial Growth Opportunities</em> and <em>Excessive Fees Discourages Tourists from Return</em>. The beach resorts in the rural location were fully compliant with the proper solid waste management since there are standard operating procedures that they need to perform to ensure customer satisfaction.</p> Jesszon B. Cano, Judy Ann F. Gimena, Kingie G. Micabalo, Elisheba S. Padillo, Amabella Grace N. Siaton, Arlinda N. Ramasola Copyright (c) 2021 JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://philair.ph/index.php/jpair/article/view/455 Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000